Too much sun exposure? Here are the tips to reverse sun damage
As summers are just approaching in a few days, many of you have already set your plans to get tanned on the beach. However, one thing that you should not forget every day in your AM routine is applying a generous amount of sunscreen. Do you know that it only takes 15 minutes to damage your skin when you are exposed to the sun's rays? Yes, you heard that right. The damage caused by the sun rays can result in fine lines, wrinkles, and dark spots that may lead to sunburns and cancer. The harmful UVA and UVB rays break down the collagen and damage your skin badly.
Furthermore, UVA rays also allow free radicals and trigger DNA breakdown in the skin cells. However, with the advancement of technology nowadays, non-invasive treatments for skin and the best products to reverse sun damage are available in the market. Besides, there are some preventive measures that you can take to save your skin from the harmful sun rays. If you are still confused, how to protect your skin from too much sun exposure? Here are the tips to reverse sun damage. Without any further ado, let's get started!
What is sun damage?
Sun damage occurs due to exposure to the sun; it can be direct or indirect exposure. Usually, direct exposure happens when you are outside, while indirect exposure occurs when you are indoors, but the sun rays are still penetrating between the windows. Moreover, many skin experts also say that even if you are sitting in a car, you are still not protected from the sun's rays.
Besides, the effects of sun damage can be immediate and cumulative. For instance, direct effects of UV rays on the skin are sunburns, tanning, redness, rashes, dryness, and dehydrated skin. On the other hand, the cumulative effects of exposure include freckles, hyperpigmentation, photoaging, lentigo, which results in fine lines and wrinkles because of weak skin elasticity. Besides, sun exposure can also make your freckles and dark spots darker. In case you notice any changes, we suggest you consult a doctor immediately.
How to protect yourself from sun damage?
As there are many treatments available to reverse sun damage on the skin, but the best possible way to prevent the damage is by wearing good sunscreen daily. Besides, limiting sun exposure, and wearing full sleeves clothes, is a great way to protect yourself from UV rays. Also, try to wear a hat and sunglasses if you can, plus you can carry an umbrella to protect yourself.
Moreover, ensure that the sunscreen you apply must be SPF 30 or more with a PA++++ rating. Do not forget to apply SPF according to your skin type and re-apply it after every two to three hours. Besides, you can also have a healthy and antioxidant-rich diet such as broccoli, barley, berries, melons, vitamin c enriched foods, etc. That will help you reduce oxidative stress helps to fight pigmentation and aging.
Can you reverse sun damage?
Yes, it is possible to reverse the sun damage until and unless the damage is not worse. Nowadays, various treatments are available, ranging from daily topical creams and gels, chemical peels, and laser treatments. Besides, these treatments can fade pigmentation, uneven skin tone, smooth out the texture, and even boost collagen production. Here, in this section, we have comprised the list of best products to reverse sun damage. Read on.
Topical gels and creams
Below we have shared some of the best creams and gels that you can incorporate into your routine to reverse the sun damage.
1. Vitamin C
Vitamin C is a potent active ingredient that helps to protect the skin from sun damage, or we can say it helps to reverse the damage. Besides, many skin experts and dermatologists said that L-ascorbic acid is one of the best forms of vitamin c that helps repair damaged skin. Further, it also reverses the fine lines, wrinkles by building and realigning the collagen.
Vitamin c is the best antioxidant to incorporate into your skincare regimen. Besides, the combination of sunscreen with vitamin c in the morning is excellent; it will protect your skin from further damage caused by UV rays.
Another best way to reverse sun damage on skin is with the help of retinol, which is a derivative of Vitamin A. It works by increasing cell turnover and collagen production. Moreover, it helps eliminate the dead skin cells and makes the skin's surface smooth and plumper. If you consistently use retinol in your routine, it will improve your pigmentation and fade away the dark spots and wrinkles.
Besides, different types of products are available with retinol in them, such as gels and creams; it is always best to start with a lower percentage of retinol, like 0.5%-2%, and use it at night. You can try Encapsulated Retinol Cream by Mello Beauty which contains 0.5% retinol and helps to improve the fine lines and wrinkles.
3. Chemical peels
Chemical peels are a non-invasive treatment performed by the dermatologist or even at home with proper care. In this treatment, alpha-hydroxy acid (AHA), glycolic acid, or salicylic acid are used to remove the outer dead skin layer of the skin so that new skin appears with a softer and brighter look. Besides, it helps to remove the fine lines, lighten dark spots and work on discoloration.
Moreover, after you have undergone peels, chances are you may experience redness, swelling, and irritation afterward. Therefore, it is always advised to use it within the limit of once or twice a week. Also, you must protect your skin with a good layer of sunscreen. We suggest using Bright Beauty Peeling Pads by Mello Beauty that exfoliates the dead skin cells and improves the skin texture.
There are many types of lasers available to reduce the appearance of sun damage. Moreover, the results of laser therapy are permanent and might take a longer time than the other treatments.
1. Laser resurfacing
It is a procedure in which a wand-like instrument is used to remove the outer layer of skin. Laser resurfacing, also known as laser-peeling, helps renew the old cells and boosts the skin's collagen production, resulting in more youthful and glowing skin. Besides, this treatment requires two to three weeks and extra care afterward.
2. Intense pulsed light
The intense pulsed light is a treatment in which dermatologists resurface the skin. It is a device in which intense light targets melanin and successfully improves the appearance of hyperpigmentation, rosacea, and dark/brown spots. This treatment takes hardly 40 minutes and is much gentle than the ablative lasers. Thus, resulting in a smoother and clearer skin surface.
I hope that you are convinced enough from the above discussion to protect yourself from the harsh sun rays. As it is rightly said that prevention is always better than cure; therefore, daily protection is mandatory. Besides, do not forget to wear sunglasses and sunscreen. Stick around for my next blog, where I will share some easy tricks for hair hydration and nourishment.