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Effects of Too Much Sun Exposure On Your Skin

Staying in the sun for long and getting all that deep bronze tan looks pretty fascinating. As summers are already here, the risk of skin issues caused by sun exposure is also no exception. Without a doubt, sun rays make us feel good and make us look good in a short time. However, our love affair is not a two-way street. Too much sun exposure can cause many wrinkles and age spots on our skin. 

effects of too much sun exposure

We usually compare glowing skin with good health, but the skin color obtained from being in the tanning booth or direct sunlight accelerates the signs of aging. Further, it also increases the risk of growing skin cancer. Sun damage to the skin might not be visible when you are young, but it will definitely show later in life. So, the next time when you think of getting tan on a hot summer day, do consider the following effects of too much sun exposure on your skin, and thank me later!

What Is Sun Exposure?

The sun provides the rays of light that can harm and help us. These rays are called ultraviolet rays (UV). In general, there are three types of UV rays: UVA, UVB, and UVC. UVA is the most common type of sun exposure, and UVB rays cause less sun exposure but are very intense. Among all UVC rays are the worst; fortunately, we are not at the risk of these rays as the earth's ozone layer blocks UVC rays. 

skin conditions caused by sun damage

Even if you cannot see UV rays, they can still pass through your skin. The outer layer of the skin is called the epidermis, and the inner layer is the dermis. Epidermis cells include a pigment called melanin. People who have fairer skin have less melanin than dark-skinned people. Due to this reason, fair skin people got sunburn easier.

Melanin protects our skin and creates vitamin D, and when your body protects itself against sun rays, your skin darkens or tans. Too much sun exposure releases UV rays to enter your skin's inner layer. This can lead your skin cells to damage, die, and develop the risk of cancer.

What Are The Harmful Effects of Sun Exposure To Skin?

Everyone is at risk of the harmful effects of sun damage on skin; it does not matter how old you are and what color your skin has. If you are spending ample time in the sunlight, you might suffer from the following skin conditions caused by sun damage.

effects of sun exposure to skin

1. Rosacea

Even though the definite causes of rosacea are unknown, it has been confirmed that exposure to sunlight is a pivotal factor. The skin condition identified by enlarged capillaries and redness on the skin can be very uncomfortable and painful for some people. Therefore, it is a great reason to cover your face with a hat when you are out in direct sunlight.

2. Sunburn hurts

Sunburn is a common skin issue caused by too much sun exposure. The damage is triggered by an inflammatory response as UV radiation immediately damages the DNA in skin cells. When the cells in DNA are irreparably destroyed, they will undergo apoptosis, leading to skin peeling and flaking. The common symptoms of sunburn are red skin, swelling, pain, rashes, etc.

3. Skin cancer

The relationship linking sunlight and skin cancer is now well known, and it has been confirmed beyond all doubts. Never ignore the advice of wearing broad-spectrum sunscreen because every time you get sun damage, the chances of skin cancer increase. Even if you don't get a sunburn, continuous vulnerability to sunlight over time will improve your risk. If you notice increased brown spots on your skin, you should consult a dermatologist. 

4.  Leathery skin

It is seen that people who spend more time in the sun will ultimately develop rough, leathery-looking skin with extensive lines. As a result, it happens because the sun's rays, which damage the connective tissue in the skin, lose skin elasticity. That is why people who work outside in the hot weather develop a rough, tanned look to their skin. 

5. Dehydration

Sitting in the sunlight for too long will remove the moisture out of your body, skin, and hair. So, a break in the shade is always a fantastic idea. Dehydration will drain your energy and make you feel fatigued. It's better to wear sunscreen every day and always carry a bottle of water with you. You will feel a difference in your skin and body; further, it helps avoid dangerous medical issues. 

How to avoid the impacts of sun exposure on the skin?

Staying out of the sun is the best way to prevent your skin from sun damage in summer; however, we still need to step outside regularly. Before heading out do take these precautions,

effects of sun damage on skin
  • Always apply a good quantity of sunscreen to all exposed areas. Make it a habit, as you do with brushing your teeth daily. 
  • Before sunscreen, don't forget to layer your skin with a hydrating moisturizer in order to prevent your skin from dehydration. Try 100% Pure Hyaluronic Moisturizer by Mello Beauty that will keep your skin moisturized and plump all day.
  • Try to escape the sun exposure in the middle of the day from 10 a.m-3 p.m; as the UV rays are the strongest during this time. 
  • Keep a hydrating toner/mist with you. It will help you to manage the hydration level of your skin. I personally like to use Marine Balancing Toner by Mello Beauty; it builds a protective layer on the skin's surface and keeps it soothe plus supple.
  • Wear full-sleeve protective clothes when you go outside, beside, wear sunglasses that filter the UV light. 

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